PHIL 242 Social and Political Philosophy II
Section : 6
2009-2010 Spring
Name of Lecturer : Asst. Prof. Istvan Albert Aranyosi
E-mail address : aranyosi@bilkent.edu.tr
Ext. : 2528
Office : 114B
Web Address
for Detailed Syllabus :
http://www.istvanaranyosi.net/course-materials.php
Office Hours & Location : Mondays 13:40 to 15:30 and by appointment

Assessment Methods
Assessment Method(%) Contribution to Final GradeDate Week
Midterm:Essay/written20 8
Final:Essay/written30 15
Oral presentation20 0
Homework30 0

Minimum Requirements to Qualify for the Final Exam
-


Readings
1
Required Textbook
Year/Edition: 1981
Title: Leviathan
Author(s): Thomas Hobbes
Publisher: Penguin
2
Required Textbook
Year/Edition: 2003
Title: The Classical Utilitarians
Author(s): J. Troyer (ed.)
Publisher: Hackett
3
Required Textbook
Year/Edition: 1998
Title: An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
Author(s): David Hume
Publisher: Oxford
4
Required Textbook
Year/Edition: 1980
Title: Second Treatise of Government
Author(s): John Locke
Publisher: Hackett
5
Required Textbook
Year/Edition: 1987
Title: Political Writings
Author(s): J. J. Rousseau
Publisher: Norton


Type of Course
Lecture ---- Seminar ---- Tutorial ----


Teaching Methods
Assignment ---- Lecture ---- Presentations ---- Seminar


Course Contents
Week : 1
READ HOBBES: PART 1, CHAPTERS 13 AND 14. HOMEWORK: What are the three causes of quarel in human nature? Explain the nature of time in the state of war as analogous to the nature of time in whether. What is the argument (page 188) to the effect that the notions of right and wrong are inapplicable in the state of war? What is the Fundamental Law of Nature? What is the second Law of Nature? What is a contract? Why a covenant not to defend oneself is void? Why no man is obliged to accuse himself?

Week : 2
READ HOBBES: PART 2, CHAPTERS 17, 18, 21. HOMEWORK: What is the goal of creating a Commonwealth? What is the only way to erect a Commonwealth? What does it involve? What are the ways of attaining sovereign power? How does Hobbes respond (pages 238-239) to the objection that the subjects’ condition is miserable under the absolutist regime? Why are liberty and fear consistent? Why are liberty and necessity consistent? Why is the libert of the subject consistent with the unlimited power of the sovereign?

Week : 3
READ LOCKE: CHAPTERS II, III, IV, V. HOMEWORK: What are the two characteristics of the state of nature? Explain part 13 of chapter II. What is the definition of a state of war? What are the differences bewteen the state of nature and the state of war? What is the reason for moving from the state of nature to political government? What is the difference between natural liberty and liberty in society? How is slavery related to the state of war?

Week : 4
READ LOCKE: CHAPTERS VII, VIII, IX. HOMEWORK: How does Locke define civil society? How does the executive and legislative powers emerge in the civil society? Why is absolute monarchy inconsistent with civil society? How does Locke respond to the objections (pages 53-54) against his view of how political societies emerge? What are the three things lacking in the state of nature that make the emergence of political society desirable?

Week : 5
: READ LOCKE: CHAPTERS XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XV. HOMEWORK: What are the four constraints on the supreme legislative power? What is the function of the federative power? What is the reason the executive should have the power of assembling and dismissing the legislative? What is the notion of the prerogative on the part of the executive (prince)? What are the characteristics of despotical power?

Week : 6
: READ ROUSSSEAU: ON SOCİAL CONTRACT, BOOK I. HOMEWORK:

Week : 7
READ ROUSSSEAU: ON SOCİAL CONTRACT, II, CHAPTERS 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. HOMEWORK:

Week : 8
READ BENTHAM: PRINCIPLES, CHAPTERS 1, 2, 4, 8. HOMEWORK:

Week : 9
READ MİLL: ON UTİLİTARİANİSM, CHAPTERS I, II, III, IV. HOMEWORK:

Week : 10
READ MİLL: ON LİBERTY, CHAPTER II. HOMEWORK:

Week : 11
READ MİLL: ON LİBERTY, CHAPTER III. HOMEWORK:

Week : 12
READ MİLL: ON LİBERTY, CHAPTER IV. HOMEWORK:

Week : 13
READ HUME: CHAPTERS 2, 3, 4. HOMEWORK:

Week : 14
READ HUME: CHAPTERS 5, 6. HOMEWORK:

Week : 15